“Combatting transnational terrorism, with a particular focus on Islamic State and Boko Haram.”
Boko Haram was ranked as one of the world’s deadliest terror groups in 2015, by the Global Terrorism Index. The group has not only burned villages, committed beheadings, raped women and young girls, carried out abductions and murders but has also claimed responsibility of innumerable terrorist attacks, the most infamous being the 2011 Abuja United Nations building bombing, the 2014 Chibok kidnapping of 276 schoolgirls, and the 2015 Baga massacre, during which over 2,000 people were reported to have died and 17 towns were completely destroyed. In addition to the 2.6 million people currently displaced because of ongoing violence, 2.2 million people are trapped in areas under the control of Boko Haram, and are in need of humanitarian assistance.
ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria), more accurately known as ISIL (Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant), is an Islamic rebel group that controls territory in parts of Iraq and Syria and is also operational in Libya, the Sinai Peninsula and other North African and Middle Eastern regions. It is officially known as DAESH (ad-Dawlah al-Islāmīyah fī al-‘Irāq wash-Shām) as the title ISIS has caused disquieting amongst Muslims because of its offensive and generalized representation of the religion.
The establishment of the group aims towards a “caliphate”, which is defined as a state that should be ruled by a single political and religious leader, according to Islamic law. Despite the matter that ISIS is limited to Iraq and Syria, it has promised to “break the borders” of Jordan and Lebanon, and to “free Palestine”.
Their rapid advance across Iraq and Syria has thrown the countries into chaos, and has encouraged Western nations to get involved. Additionally, that brutal tactics including mass killing, abductions of members of religious and ethnic minorities, and beheadings of soldiers and journalists, has ignited fear and outrage amongst many around the world and has even prompted the intervention of the US military. The estimated territory that ISIS controls is still unclear today, but eight million people are believed to be living under partial or full IS control, where the group implements a strict interpretation of Sharia, forcing women to wear veils, non-Muslims to pay a particular tax or convert, and imposing punishments that include floggings and executions to those who don’t abide.
The Study Guide for the agenda is linked here: