“Combatting child trafficking with particular emphasis on the Middle East.”
Child trafficking is defined by UNICEF as “The movement of a child across country borders for the purpose of exploiting that child”. Child trafficking is extremely prominent in certain areas of the world, and the war torn Middle East is certainly a hotbed of child trafficking rings. The International Labor Organization estimated that more than a million children every year are victims of human trafficking. The primary demand for children in the Middle East is for camel racing. The children are often taken as young as 3 years old and then starved and malnourished to have the minimum amount of weight for them to act as jockeys. They outgrow their usefulness as jockeys around the age of 7, and are often left to die after that. The second most common method of exploitation of children in the Middle East is domestic servitude. This mostly involves girls, and sexual assault and domestic violence is a major part of it. The girls are forced to work 12-16 hours a day with no pay, and are usually malnourished and starved. The Middle East has no laws regarding domestic servitude. It is assumed that the person providing the service has the option to walk away whenever they want to, and traffickers take full advantage of this by sometimes withholding the passports of the children, thus leaving them no alternative but to work. Most Middle Eastern Nations have banned all forms of child prostitution, but the traffickers find a way around this by simply marrying the girls from brothels for a short period of time, and thus escape prosecution.
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